ASSOCIATION OF THE ESR1 GENE WITH REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS OF SOWS OF LARGE WHITE AND MIRGOROD BREEDS

  • V. N. Balatsky Institute of Pig Breeding and Agro-Industrial Production of NAAS (Poltava, Ukraine)
  • L. P. Grishina Institute of Pig Breeding and Agro-Industrial Production of NAAS (Poltava, Ukraine)
  • A. M. Saenko Institute of Pig Breeding and Agro-Industrial Production of NAAS (Poltava, Ukraine)
  • V. A. Vovk Institute of Pig Breeding and Agro-Industrial Production of NAAS (Poltava, Ukraine)
  • P. A. Vaschenko Institute of Pig Breeding and Agro-Industrial Production of NAAS (Poltava, Ukraine)
Keywords: pigs, Large White breed, Mirgorod breed, estrogene receptor l gene, reproductive traits, association analysis

Abstract

The speciality of the modern methodology in breeding is using the molecular information, received during genome analysis. This methodology can significantly accelerate the improvement of productivity traits and it is particularly useful in relation to the traits with low coefficient of inheritance while classic methods are not effective enough. The reproductive traits are one of the most important in pig farming, estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) is involved in their control. Meanwhile, the use of ESR1 locus polymorphism in the marker-assisted selection needs to determine the extent of its association with the reproductive traits of animals in those populations where it is planned to conduct such selection. Implementation of marker-assisted selection in Large White and Mirgorod breeds for improving the reproductive traits is an actual task, but a necessary step in this work is the associative analysis.

The purpose of the work is to research the association of polymorphisms of ESR1 locus with some reproductive traits of sows of Large White breed (ULW-1 and ULW-3 lines) and sows of Mirgorod breed.

Materials and methods of research. Experimental groups: 1) the sows of Large White breed, ULW-3 line, bred in "Bahmutskiy Agrarian Union" farm, Donetsk region; 2) the sows of Large White breed, ULW-1 line, bred in “Stepne” farm, Poltava region; 3) the sows of Mirgorod breed, bred in «Named after Dekabristy» farm, Poltava region. All the experimental animals were previously genotyped on RYR1 gene and had RYR1CC genotype. The animals were genotyped on estrogen receptor 1 locus with aid of PCR-RFLP analysis on PvuII-polymorphic restriction site in the third intron of the gene – DNA marker for estrogen receptor 1 gene. Associations between genotypes and the studied traits were calculated using ANOVA in Excel 2007.

Results. ULW-3 sows with ESR1BB genotype turned out to have 1.36 more piglets in a litter (analysing data from 2nd-4th farrows) comparing to animals with ESR1AA genotype. There is a tendency for bigger amount of newborn piglets in the heterozygotes animals than in sows with homozygous ESR1AA. A similar pattern appears in the 1st farrowing, the sows with ESR1BB and ESR1AB genotypes had the advantage in the total number of piglets at birth. In the experimental group of ULW-1 sows statistically proven patterns were not found, there was only a tendency to slight predominance of sows with ESR1BB and ESR1AB genotypes comparing to individuals with ESR1AA genotype. In the experimental group of Mirgorod sows there was a tendency to have most part of individuals with heterozygous genotype. Analysis of prolificacy of ULW-3 sows due to their genotype for the estrogen receptor 1 gene confirmed the superiority of ESR1BB and ESR1AB genotypes comparing to ESR1AA sows. According to 2nd-4th farrows, sows with ESR1BB and ESR1AB genotypes had the advantage in prolificacy comparing to ESR1AA sows by 1.15 and 0.53 piglets, respectively. According to the 1st farrowing difference between genotypes was absent. ESR1/PvuII-polymorphism do es not influence on prolificacy of ULW-1 sows. According to the 1st farrowing the trend towards a higher level of prolificacy of Mirgorod sows with ESR1AA genotype was found, while difference in 2nd-4th farrows between the groups was absent.

It was found that ESR1/PvuII-polymorphism impact on the total number of piglets at birth and prolificacy for ULW-3 sows is characterized by predominance of additive component with a little contribution of the dominant component, the similar trend is observed for ULW-1 sows. There is a complex nature of the impact of ESR1/PvuII-polymorphism on the reproductive traits of Mirgorod sows in the predominance of the dominant component.

Conclusions. The impact of polymorphism in estrogen receptor 1 gene on the total number of piglets in the litter after the birth and prolificacy in ULW-3 sows was detected. ULW-3 sows with ESR1BB genotype have 1.36 more piglets in a litter (analysing data from 2nd-4th farrows) and 1.15 more comparing to animals with ESR1AA genotype. ESR1/PvuII-polymorphism was not associated with total number of piglets in a litter and prolificacy in ULW-1 sows and Mirgorod sows. The counted parameters of additive-dominant model indicate that ESR1/PvuII polymorphism impact on the total number of piglets at birth and prolificacy for ULW-3 sows is characterized by predominance of additive component with a little contribution of the dominant component.

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Published
2016-11-01
How to Cite
Balatsky, V. N., Grishina, L. P., Saenko, A. M., Vovk, V. A., & Vaschenko, P. A. (2016). ASSOCIATION OF THE ESR1 GENE WITH REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS OF SOWS OF LARGE WHITE AND MIRGOROD BREEDS. Animal Breeding and Genetics, 52, 150-158. https://doi.org/10.31073/abg.52.19