HISTORICAL COMPONENTS OF SCIENTIFIC POTENTIAL FORMATION OF THE INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS NAMED AFTER M.V.ZUBETS OF NAAS
(to the 101st anniversary of the organization of the zootechnical department of the Kyiv Regional Agricultural Research Station)
The purpose of the article is to highlight the main organizational stages of establishment and creative searches of the zootechnical department of the Kiev Regional Agricultural Experimental Station, as well as the research units created on its basis as the forerunners of the formation of the scientific potential of the Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics named after M.V.Zubets of NAAS. Research methods – general scientific (analysis, synthesis, classification), special historical (problem-chronological, comparative-historical), source study. The scientific novelty of the article lies in the generalization of the creative achievements of the scientists of the zootechnical department, which have found wide practical application in the field of animal husbandry in the USSR and the Ukrainian SSR. It is shown that their efforts have developed regional systems and methods of selection and breeding work based on the use of methods of intrabreeding selection and substantiated the effectiveness of interbreeding as an effective way of farm animal pedigree improvement. The chemical composition and nutritional value of forages from the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of the Ukrainian SSR have determined, and methods for increasing its productive action have proposed. The fodder base of animal husbandry based on the introduction of a green conveyor and technologies for ensiling fodder crops has intensified. Norms and rations for feeding and fattening different types and age groups of farm animals have developed. It is proved that the scientists of the zootechnical department and its successors made a significant contribution to the development of the methodological foundations of zootechnical science, which affected the development of effective methods for assessing the breeding value of animals, the method of simplified grading of livestock, the method of introductory crossing of breeds, ways of directed breeding of animals and stimulation of the development of the nutritional function and metabolism of young animals, methods of increasing the efficiency of feed, methods for determining the fat content in milk and wool, etc.
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