ON THE QUESTION OF WAYS OF MOVEMENT CELLS AND SECRETS BY CHANNEL CHANNELS AND DUCTS
To substantiate the possible relationship of the parameters of homeostasis of the concentration of Ca2+, K+, Na+ and the mass of organic and inorganic substances secreted synthesized еt by the tissues of the genital system of males and females (bull – sperm plasma; cow – vaginal mucus), with passive and/or by active methods of movement of sperm and ova through their channels and ducts, the peculiarities of the distribution of components of open and closed systems of the type "environment – cell (substance)" were investigated.
Methods of spectrophotometric (flame photometry, Flapho-4) and gravimetric (combustion, extraction, elimination) analysis of the studied samples experimentally established that the adaptive response of sperm to the protective and/or harmful effects of extreme conditions (concentration, temperature, properties of protective environment components). Sperm preservation (TCS) is different. Depending on those (exo-) or other (endogenous) circumstances, the antiportic way of moving ions can change to symportic.
The peculiarities of the parameters of concentration and mass of the components of the studied systems revealed in this connection indicate that the fractions of aqueous extracts (PVE) of tissues and secretions of bull and cow, at different functional states of genitals (norm, pathology), have different concentrations of free of bound alkali metal ions, mass and content of substances of their dry residue eliminated in distilled water and insoluble (water, acids).
The limit of the difference of the ratio of the ratio (IC:1) of the concentration of one- (Ca2+:Ca2+, K+:K+, Na+:Nа+) and different (Na+:Ca2+, K+:Ca2+, Na+:K+) pairs of ions indicates that that the limit of osmotic pressure parameters of the organic and inorganic components of samples of tissues of genitals, sperm and uterine-vaginal mucus can also be different.
This suggests that different parameters of osmotic pressure of the components of the synthesized secretions and the formed sperm and eggs create (initiate, stimulate, inhibit) favorable conditions for their passive and/or active movement through the channels and ducts of the genitals. However, it should be added that the proposed hypothesis requires discussion and experimental confirmation.
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