DOCTOR OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Yu. P. POLUPAN – REACHED CREATIVE PRICES AND PRIVACY OF SCIENCE

  • T. P. Koval Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M.V.Zubets of NAAS (Chubynske, Ukraine)
  • A. Ye. Pochukalin Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M.V.Zubets of NAAS (Chubynske, Ukraine)
  • N. L. Reznykova Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M.V.Zubets of NAAS (Chubynske, Ukraine)
  • H. D. Ilyashenko Institute of Agriculture Steppe NAAS (Sozonivka, Ukraine)
  • O. V. Boiko Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M.V.Zubets of NAAS (Chubynske, Ukraine)
Keywords: breeding, Ukrainian Red Dairy breed, phenotypic consolidation, lifelong use efficiency, additive and non-additive inheritance character, prepotency, breeding value, exterior

Abstract

Doctor of Agricultural Science, Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine Yuriy Polupan made a significant contribution to the development of native agricultural science, in particular in the field of breeding, genetics and breeding of agricultural animals of the late XX – early XXI centuries. His efforts laid the foundation and successfully implemented the basic principles and principles of large-scale breeding at a nationwide level of its organization. Yu. P. Polupan was not only the inspirer and author of new Ukrainian dairy breeds and types, but also was and remains the founder of basic modern methods and further directions of work with them.

Taking into account above-mentioned, the relevance, practical and cognitive importance of this issue is beyond doubt. The aim of the authors is to carry out a thorough analysis of scientific and methodological developments and achievements of Yu. P. Polupan and to study their influence on modern agrarian science.

The authors used historical-chronological, systematic, biographical and source-based methods. The research base covers the scientific works of a talented scientist.

One of the foundations of modern breeding theory is the solution of the issues of breeding group consolidation. A wide range of unresolved issues regarding the relevance, genesis of the concept and the essence of consolidation, methods for its assessment by phenotype and genotype, needed to be addressed. Yu. P. Polupan proposed the coefficient of phenotypic consolidation. The scientist tested three variations of the above coefficient, which are based on the use of the coefficient of variability and the standard deviation for each breeding trait. The proposed coefficients have proven to be reliable and convenient for the practical selection and evaluation of different breeding groups.

Yu. P. Polupan proposed methodics, that gives a broader picture of the duration and effectiveness of lifetime use of dairy cows and regulates the method of constructing a retrospective sample population for obtaining genetically correct selection estimates. Methodology, using the information on primary zootechnical records of dates of birth, calving and culling, life-time milk yield and milk fat and protein yield and the number of lactations during life provides the calculation of longevity, duration of economic use, lactating, average lifetime milk yield and milk fat and protein yield per 1 day of life, economic use and lactating and coefficients of economic use, lactation and productive use. An important methodological element is the construction of a retrospective sample population for the year of first calving (not culling!) and not later than eight years before the date of the selection analysis. The application of the proposed methodology in the studies of its author, his students and other scholars has proved its effectiveness and correctness.

The scientific works of Yu. P. Polupan are also devoted to the development of theoretical and practical bases of estimation of the prepotency and breeding value of sires, prediction of dairy productivity of cows and conservation of the gene pool of farm animals. The scientific interests of the scientist also include grounding of the use of instrumental and visual methods of estimation of the exterior of animals, its ontogenetic and population-genetic laws of formation and relative correlation with the main economic useful traits.

The main direction of breeding work, to which Yu. P. Polupan paid attention, is the creation of Ukrainian Red Dairy cattle breed, which until 1998 was proved as holstinized and fat milk intrabreed types, and since 2005 (Order No. 360/75 of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food jointly with the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine) – officially approved Ukrainian Red Dairy breed. The innerbreed structure of the Ukrainian Red Dairy breed is represented by the indicated two innerbreed types, the Crimean, Taurian, central and eastern zonal factory types, the Rigel 4939, Geneve 162939, Inganse 343514, Cavalier 1620453, Dairyman 1620274, Chief 1620273-Valiant 1620273, and Maple 1620273 (holsteinized type), Cirrus 16497, Frem 17291, Monarch 18965, Corbitz 16496, Hannibal (fat milk type) and more than 25 factory families.

Typical for Yu. P. Polupan is the widespread and correct application of mathematical methods in breeding research using modern (including copyrighted) software and computer technology. In particular, his methodological recommendations for the use of programmable calculators in biometric and zootechnical calculations are one of the most cited scientific works of the author and have been used in the educational process for students of Ukrainian Agricultural Academy (now National University of Life and Environmental Sciences).

A number of scientific works by Yu. P. Polupan are devoted to the study of conformational traits, resistance, hormonal status of livestock and economic issues of animal husbandry.

Yuriy Pavlovich is characterized by progressive scientific thinking, constant creative search and unremitting energy of researcher. Well-known in Ukraine and far from it not only as scientist, but as well as breeder and Methodist with new creative thinking, Yurii Pavlovich Polupan is able honourably present headed by him institution in Ministry of Education, Agrarian Policy, European Union and FAO.

References

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Hladiy, M. V., Yu. P. Polupan, I. V. Bazyshyna, A. Ye. Pochukalin, T. P. Koval', I. M. Bezrutchenko, N. L. Polupan, and N. H. Mykhaylenko. Henezys i perspektyvy chervonoyi molochnoyi khudoby v Ukrayini – Genesis and perspectives of red dairy cattle in Ukraine. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 51:41–60 (in Ukrainian).

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Polupan, Yu. P., and T. P. Koval'. 2004. Efektyvnist' vykorystannya koriv zalezhno vid yikhn'oho viku – Effeciency of cows’ use depending on their age. Visnyk ahrarnoyi nauky – Herald of Agrarian Science. 2:23–25 (in Ukrainian).

Hladiy, M. V., Yu. P. Polupan, I. V. Bazyshyna, I. M. Bezrutchenko, and N. L. Polupan. 2015. Zv"yazok tryvalosti ta efektyvnosti dovichnoho vykorystannya koriv z okremymy oznakamy pervistok – Connection of cows’ duration and efficiency of lifetime use with certain heifers’ traits. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 50:28–39 (in Ukrainian).

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Polupan, Yu. P. 2014. Efektyvnist' dovichnoho vykorystannya koriv: do metodyky hrupuvannya i vplyv umovnoyi krovnosti – Effeciency of cow lifetime use: concerning the grouping methodics and conditional blood share impact. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 48:98–113 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Yu. P., and N. L. Ryeznykova. Patent na korysnu model' 62881 Ukrayina, MPK (2011.01) A01K 67/00. Sposib prohnozuvannya efektyvnosti dovichnoho vykorystannya koriv molochnykh pored ; IRGT NAANU. – u201015081; zayavl. 15.12.2010; opubl. 26.09.2011, Byul – Patent on the useful model 62881 Ukraine, MPK (2011.01) A01K 67/00. Way of prediction of efficiency of lifetime use of cows of dairy breeds ; IABG NAASU. – u201015081; entered 15.12.2010; published 26.09.2011, Byul (in Ukrainian).

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Polupan, Yu. P. 2005. – Metody otsinky prepotentnosti tvaryn – Methods of evaluation of animals’ prepotency. Metodyky naukovykh doslidzhen' iz selektsiyi, henetyky ta biotekhnolohiyi u tvarynnytstvi – Methods of scientific research on the issues of selection, genetics and biotechnology in animal breeding. Kyyiv, Ahrarna nauka, 61–75 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Ju. P. 1988. Sposob opredelenija molochnoj produktivnosti za 305 dnej (ili drugoj otrezok) laktacii : racionalizatorskoe predlozhenie : UkrNIIplem. Udostoverenie № 6 ot 18.02.1988 g. – Way of determination of dairy productivity on 305 days (or other lactation part) : Rational proposal. Udostoverenie – Certificate. 6 (in Russian).

Hladiy, M. V., Yu. P. Polupan, D. M. Basovs'kyy, L. V. Vyshnevs'kyy, S. I. Kovtun, O. V. Sydorenko, B. Ye. Podoba, O. D. Biryukova, N. L. Ryeznykova, S. L. Voytenko, P. P. Dzhus, S. V. Kuzebnyy, P. I. Sharan, O. V. Kruhlyak, A. P. Kruhlyak, Yu. V. Mil'chenko, S. V. Pryyma, Yu. M. Reznikova, I. S. Martynyuk, O. M. Zhukors'kyy, O. I. Kostenko, M. I. Bashchenko, M. M. Kvasha, O. V. Romanova, V. I. Ladyka, L. M. Khmel'nychyy, Yu. V. Vdovychenko, V. S. Kozyr', O. V. Denysyuk, and O. O. Katerynych. 2018. Prohrama zberezhennya henofondu lokal'nykh i znykayuchykh porid sil's'kohospodars'kykh tvaryn v Ukrayini na 2017–2025 roky – Program of agricultural animals’ local and disappearing breeds gene pool conservation in Ukraine for 2017–2025. Sumy, 85 (in Ukrainian).

Bashchenko, M. I., Hladiy, M. V., Yu. P. Polupan, S. I. Kovtun, and I. S. Boroday. 2017. Teoretyko-metodolohichni ta naukovo-orhanizatsiyni zasady stanovlennya Banku henetychnykh resursiv sil's'kohospodars'kykh tvaryn Instytutu rozvedennya i henetyky tvaryn imeni M.V.Zubtsya NAAN – Theoretical-and-methodological and scientific-organizational bases of M.V.Zubets Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics’ Bank of Farm Animal Genetic Resources’ installation. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 53:7–14 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Yu. P., D. M. Basovs'kyy, N. L. Ryeznykova, and Yu. M. Reznikova. 2017. Problema zberezhennya biolohichnoho riznomanittya henetychnykh resursiv sil's'kohospodars'kykh tvaryn – The problem of conservation of biological diversity of agricultural animals’ genetic resources. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 54:200–208 (in Ukrainian).

Hladiy, M. V., Yu. P. Polupan, O. I. Kostenko, S. I. Kovtun, S. V. Kuzebnyy, K. V. Kopylov, L. V. Vyshnevs'kyy, O. V. Shcherbak, and N. L. Ryeznykova. 2018. Naukovo-praktychni aspekty selektsiyi i zberezhennya henofondu molochnoyi khudoby – Scientific-and-practical aspects of selection and conservation of dairy cattle gene pool. Visnyk ahrarnoyi nauky – Herald of Agrarian Science. 11:71–79 (in Ukrainian).

Hladiy, M. V., P. I. Sharan, Yu. P. Polupan, A. P. Kruhlyak, and O. V. Kruhlyak. 2015. Obgruntuvannya obsyahiv byudzhetnoyi dotatsiyi na zberezhennya henofondu lokal'nykh i znykayuchykh porid sil's'kohospodars'kykh tvaryn – Justification of budget subsidies volumes for the conservation of local and disappearing breeds of farm animals’ gene pool. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 50:237–245 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Yu. P., and V. A. Siryak. 2019. Vplyv intensyvnosti formuvannya na zhyvu masu telyts' i molochnu produktyvnist' koriv – Impact of the intensity of forming on heifers’ live weight and cows’ milk performance. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 57:111–125 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Yu. P. 2016. Ontohenetychni osoblyvosti formuvannya ekster"yeru molodnyaku – Ontogenetic peculiarities of youngsters’ exterior forming. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn – Animal breeding and Genetics. 52:63–68 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Yu. P., and T. P. Koval'. 2006. Zv"yazok morfolohichnykh osoblyvostey vym"ya koriv chervonoyi molochnoyi khudoby z yikhn'oyu molochnoyu produktyvnistyu – Connection of morphological peculiarities of red dairy cow’s udder with their milk performance. Visnyk ahrarnoyi nauky – Herald of Agrarian Science. 11:49–52 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Ju. P. 1988. Sposob opredelenija molochnoj produktivnosti za 305 dnej (ili drugoj otrezok) laktacii : racionalizatorskoe predlozhenie : UkrNIIplem. Udostoverenie № 6 ot 18.02.1988 g. – Way of determination of dairy productivity on 305 days (or other lactation part) : Rational proposal. Udostoverenie – Certificate. 6 (in Russian).

Polupan, Ju. P. 1988. Sposob optimizacii kormovyh racionov dlja sel'skohozjajstvennyh zhivotnyh : racionalizatorskoe predlozhenie. UkrNIIplem. Udostoverenie № 22 ot 11 dekabrja 1988 g. – Way of optimization of feed rations for farm animals : Rational proposal. Udostoverenie – Certificate. 22 (in Russian).

Majboroda, N. N., and Ju. P. Polupan. 1987. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po obrabotke dannyh ocenki bykov po kachestvu potomstva na mikrokal'kuljatorah – Methodical recommendations on processing of data on bulls’ evaluation on progeny quality on micro calculators. Katalog bykov-proizvoditelej molochnyh porod, ocenennyh po kachestvu potomstva za 1985 god – Catalogue of dairy breeds sires, evaluated on progeny quality for 1985. Kiev, Urozhaj, 20–34 (in Russian).

Polupan, Ju. P. 1987. Opredelenie parametrov otbora zhivotnyh s ispol'zovaniem mikrokal'kuljatora – Determination of parameters of animal selection, using micro calculator. Razvedenie i iskusstvennoe osemenenie krupnogo rogatogo skota – Cattle breeding and artificial insemination. Kiev, Urozhaj, 19:27–30 (in Russian).

Polupan, Yu. P. 1988. Vyznachennya parametriv vidboru tvaryn iz vykorystannyam prohramovanoho mikrokal'kulyatora – Determination of animal selection parameters, using programmed micro calculator. Visnyk sil's'kohospodars'koyi nauky – Herald of agricultural science. 1:44–46 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Ju. P., and G. A. Cilujko. 1988. Opredelenie pokazatelej geneticheskogo shodstva i razlichija s ispol'zovaniem programmiruemyh mikrokal'kuljatorov – Determination of indices of genetic similarity and difference, using programmed micro calculator. Biologicheskie nauki – Biological sciences. 7:105–108 (in Russian).

Polupan, Yu. P. 2005. Matematychnyy aparat “efektyvnoho chysla dochok” u konteksti henezysu metodiv otsinky plidnykiv za potomstvom – Mathematical apparatus of “effective daughters’ number” in the context of genesis of methods, evaluating sires on progeny. Metodyky naukovykh doslidzhen' iz selektsiyi, henetyky i biotekhnolohiyi u tvarynnytstvi – Methodics of scientific research on selection, genetics and biotechnology in animal breeding. Kyyiv, Ahrarna nauka, 34–52 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Ju. P. 1988. Ispol'zovanie programmiruemyh mikrokal'kuljatorov v biometricheskih i zootehnicheskih raschjotah – Use of programmed micro calculators in biometrical and zootechnical calculations. Metodicheskie rekomendacii – Methodical recommendations. 71 (in Russian).

Polupan, Yu. P. 1996. Vykorystannya mikro-EOM u molochnomu skotarstvi – Use of micro-ECM in dairy cattle-breeding. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrayiny – Animal breeding of Ukraine. 3:12–13 (in Ukrainian).

Savchuk, D. I., N. N. Preobrazhenskij, Yu. P. Polupan, and N. N. Majboroda. 1987. Sposob selekcionnoj differenciacii sel'skohozjajstvennyh mlekopitajushhih po konstitucional'nym priznakam – Way of breeding differentiation of agricultural mammals on constitutional indices. А1. 4А01 К 67/02, 26:25 (in Russian).

Savchuk, D. I., and Ju. P. Polupan. 1989. Ocenka konstitucii sel'skohozjajstvennyh zhivotnyh Evaluation of agricultural animals’ constitution. Zootehnija – Zootechnia. 4:19–23 (in Russian).

Polupan, Yu. P. 1991. Konstytutsiyni osoblyvosti holshtynizovanykh buhaytsiv – Constitutional peculiarities of Holstinized young bulls. Rozvedennya ta shtuchne osimeninnya velykoyi rohatoyi khudoby – Cattle breeding and artificial insemination. Kyyiv, Urozhay, 23:38–42 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Ju. P., and A. V. Gerasimchuk. 1988. Soderzhanie testosterona v krovi bychkov v svjazi s rostom i polovym sozrevaniem – Young bulls’ testosterone blood content, connected with growth and sex maturation. Sel'skohozjajstvennaja biologija – Agricultural biology. 5:86–89 (in Russian).

Polupan, Ju. P., and A. V. Gerasimchuk. 1995. Obshhaja immunologicheskaja reaktivnost' i ejo svjaz' s intensivnost'ju rosta bychkov chjorno-pjostroj porody i pomesnyh ot skreshhivanija s golshtinskoj porodoj – General immunological reactivity and its connection with growth intensity of Black-and-White young bulls and their crosses with Holsten breed. Sel'skohozjajstvennaja biologija – Agricultural biology. 6:72–76 (in Russian).

Burkat, V. P., P. I. Sharan, Ju. P. Polupan, and A. I. Kostenko. 2006. Metodika opredelenija stoimosti plemennyh (geneticheskih) resursov sel'skohozjajstvennyh zhivotnyh v uslovijah rynka – Methodics of determination of farm animal breeding (genetic) resources cost under the market conditions. Realizări şi perspective în creşterea animalelor : Materialele simpozionului ştiinţific consacrat jubileului de 50 de ani de la fondarea Institutului de Zootehnie şi Medicină Veterinară. – Maximovca. 80–84 (in Russian).

Sharan, P., Yu. Polupan, O. Kostenko, and G. Kravchenko. 2007. Suchasne tsinoutvorennya na pleminni resursy – Modern breeding resources’ price-forming. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrayiny – Animal breeding of Ukraine. 2:12–14 (in Ukrainian).

Mel'nyk, Yu. F., V. P. Burkat, P. I. Sharan, Yu. P. Polupan, and G. G. Kravchenko. 2007. Metodyka selektsiyno-ekonomichnoho obgruntuvannya rekomendovanykh tsin na spermu buhayiv molochnykh i molochno-m"yasnykh porid v umovakh rynku – Methodics of selection-economical grounding of recommended dairy and double sires’ semen prices under the market conditions. Chubyns'ke, 28 (in Ukrainian).

Polupan, Yu., and P. Sharan. 2008. Biznesova pryvablyvist' pleminnoho molochnoho skotarstva – Business attractiveness of breeding dairy cattle-breeding. Propozytsiya – Proposal. 10:118–120 (in Ukrainian).

Published
2019-11-29
How to Cite
Koval, T. P., Pochukalin, A. Y., Reznykova, N. L., Ilyashenko, H. D., & Boiko, O. V. (2019). DOCTOR OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Yu. P. POLUPAN – REACHED CREATIVE PRICES AND PRIVACY OF SCIENCE. Animal Breeding and Genetics, 58, 5-18. https://doi.org/10.31073/abg.58.01
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